ABSTRACT

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Copernicus advocated that the Earth was not the center of the universe; yet he was forced to renounce the truth and the world had to wait years before society could accept his discoveries. Have Homo sapiens sufficiently evolved and developed socially and scientifically enough to be on the threshold of another historic turning point? Is society able to understand the truth this time? - Image Credit: Frombork Museum by way of NASA http://www.nai.arc.nasa.gov/index.cfm?page=curr

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Astrobiology at NAS

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Human Space Flight .

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SPACE.com

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Welcome to my ABSTRACT on the World Wide Web! As you read this conceptual delineation explaining the objectives of my thesis I hope you will start to realize what I discovered as an engineer, historian, geologist, educator, and astrobiologist. You'll also find some of the best available abridged information about human evolution, and a new idea about the part people play in the universe. I've even included links to a few of the best astrobiology and scientific Web sites. Feel free to contact me so I can present this thesis and much more supporting astrobiological evidence that I prepared for the 2001 NASA (NAI) conference in Washington D.C. I would be delighted to share what I have learned with any interested organization and together we can become involved in saving the life forms from this planet. FOR PRESENTATIONS I CAN BE CONTACTED AT
choctaw@jps.net

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ABSTRACT
A STILL HIGHER DESTINY IN THE DISTANT FUTURE
BY: TALAKO
UNITED STATES OF AMERICA
This paper describes and interprets observations and data about specific human behaviors and mankind?s natural and social history. Using available knowledge it also partially predicts mankind?s future in space. The interpretations and predictions are based on generally understood and easily accessible information about geology, astronomy, physics, biology, anthropology, history, and Charles Darwin?s Descent of Man (1871). An attempt will be made to throw light on some fundamental principles of evolution; a few complex survival problems that challenged extinct animals; the natural/social history of man; and his foreseeable future in space. The technique employed is based on published and generally understood analysis of: meteorite fragments, commonly agreed upon dinosaur extinction theories, anthropological and historical records, personal observations of space/military programs, the Shoemaker-Levy 9 Comet fragment impacts upon Jupiter, and rational speculation. The bulk of this paper is devoted to Darwinian concepts of evolution, in light of recent scientific discoveries, and in particular to Darwin?s ideas about the descent of man. This paper also explores Darwin?s hope in a higher destiny for mankind. An attempt will be made to show that there is a reasonable expectation that mankind?s evolutionary role, by natural selection, is to be more than just the most recent dominant species on Earth. Moreover, it will be advanced that humankind or some other species occupying a similar biological niche will probably be responsible for Earth?s life continuing after the planet has been destroyed, providing continuance is achieved. This analysis leads directly to the conclusion that life from this world has the potential to continue evolving, on Earth and elsewhere even though a cosmic catastrophe seems inevitable. Furthermore, if there is to be a continuance of life beyond an ultimate cosmic catastrophe, such as a Shoemaker-Levy 9 Comet Earth impact, it will be the result of intelligent biological intervention by machine capable beings. Thus, highly evolved life from the Earth does not necessarily face dead end extinction, as has been traditionally predicted and accepted by many in the scientific community.
NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI) 1/29/01 Communiqu?: Congratulations Submission Successful, Talako/presenter at the 2001 Annual NAI Meeting in Washington D.C.! Your abstract number is 6

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A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY
OF
TALAKO
Talako was born the first day following Christmas in 1942, exactly one year and eighteen days after the United States was drawn into the Second World War by the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Consequently, the events he remembers from the atomic bomb through the cold and hot wars, progressing to the space age with its' technological revolution have to an extent made him the person he is today. However, his family history rooted to his Indian ancestry has allowed him to understand and interpret the events of his life in a traditional Native American way that is only now being appreciated by industrial societies.
Talako?s father was a champion rodeo cowboy and notable Hollywood stuntman of Native American descent. He was the son of Jewell Kilgore, formally Jewell Benton assigned as roll number 1128, identification number 1942, on the roll of Mississippi Choctaws December 11, 1903. Jewell escaped United States control in what was to become Oklahoma, before the stampede of American Indian killers and land thieves arrived to make the former legitimate Indian Nations into a State. She subsequently married into a white Texas family and moved with her husband and children to California in 1924.
In 1943, Talako?s artist musician mother along with his paternal family raised the six-month-old baby after his stunt man father was killed in a motion picture accident. Talako was a robust lad and earned money from the age of eight as a laborer to supplement the family income. However, after graduating from High School in 1961, he worked in the booming California Cold War Aerospace Industry. He was employed at Rocketdyne as a junior engineer and helped build the Atlas rocket that launched early astronauts into space. Among other things he also worked for Litton Industries and helped design the first multi-layered laminated electronic circuits for the B-111 Bomber. All the while attending junior college, the California State University at Northridge, and finally the University of Puget Sound in Washington State.
After graduating from college in 1967 Talako was drafted into the United States Army during the Vietnam War. While in the service he climbed up the ranks and after attending Officers Candidate School, at Fort Benning Georgia, he received an officer?s commission and became an armored cavalry unit commander. During this time he also married his lovely wife, who has stayed with him to this day, and subsequently they had two beautiful daughters. When Talako?s elapsed time in service arrived he went back to school and received a teaching credential.
Talako taught High school and college for 30 years and completed many unrelated university courses so he could successfully teach divergent subjects such as: U.S. History, Psychology, World History, Physical Science, Government, California History, Integrated Science, Developmental Psychology, Biology, Geography, Geology, Mexican American, and Native American Studies. Unknowingly he was preparing himself to enter the multi-scholastic field of Astrobiology. The degree he honors most is that which was given him by the Indian community in California, where he volunteered for many years as a resource teacher, the chief community elder gave him the Choctaw name of Talako. The name can be interpreted as a title and it signifies he is an old and wise leader, or Gray Eagle.
Today Talako has retired as a classroom teacher but has written educational curriculum and books on Chumash history and culture, along with essays on the legitimacy of the Choctaw and Cherokee ownership of parts of the Arkansas River. He has also been a presenter at the California Indian Education and Youth Leadership Conference, and speaks regularly to interested groups about ASTROBIOLOGY. Recently he wrote A STILL HIGHER DESTINY IN THE DISTANT FUTURE - THE COSMIC CASTROPHE SURVIVAL STRATEGY -. On July 20, 1998 he completed and copyrighted the astrobiological thesis. It was first published (SEE ATTACHED LINKS) in MarsBugs 12/8/00, then Spacedaily 1/25/01, and also in the Cambridge Conference Network (CCNet) 1/25/01. If one looks closely while reading the thesis it can be deduced that it gives mankind a reason for existence and scientifically verifies the Native American belief that we are the caretakers of the earth and its? creatures.
Having published his thesis, A STILL HIGHER DESTINY IN THE DISTANT FUTURE - THE COSMIC CASTROPHE SURVIVAL STRATEGY, Talako was invited by the NASA Astrobiology Institute (NAI) on 1/29/01 to be a presenter at the 2001 Annual NAI Meeting in Washington D.C.! However, circumstances prevented the presentation.

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N-1 or H-1, the hither to little known and unsuccessful 1974 Soviet Moon Rocket, along with the world's first satellite Sputnick in 1957, motivated the United States in the race to the Moon during the Cold War . ? Image Credit: Russian Rockets liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/rsa/rockets.

If time permitted the delivery of properly used atomic explosions the release of atomic energy would create a force that could alter the orbits of comets and asteroids. Some cosmic impacts with the Earth might then be prevented or possibly reduced in magnitude if the asteroid or comets were broken apart sufficiently. Image Credit: The Atomic Bomb: A turning point in world history Society > History > By Time Period > Twentieth Century > Atomic Age members.home.net/jeromej/atomic/

The evidence gathered by the Alvarez team, coupled with the link to the Chicxulub creator structure, leads to the conclusion that dinosaurs were probably rendered extinct by a cosmic collision event. The Chicxulub creator was formed 65 million years ago when a large celestial body (a comet or an asteroid) slammed into the Yucatan Peninsula of Mexico. The impact caused acid rains, fires, and tsunami-like deadly waves. The collision gouged a crater almost eight miles deep and sent at least 12,000 cubic miles of rock, dirt, and debris particles circling into the atmosphere. They blocked the sun, causing extreme changes in the Earth's climate, which many scientists believe resulted in mass extinctions. - Image Credit: An artists impression of the meteorite that was responsible for the death of the dinosaurs. Artist: Don Davis (No Copyright-see NASA "USE" policy) Content Credit to - The Great Mystery: & Extinction Arguments www.ucmp.berkeley.edu/diapsids/extinctheory.html

After the United States won the competition to send a man to the moon and realized the scientific benefits that spun off from the space race, America's Space Shuttle became the premier space launch vehicle. Image Credit: International Space Station Galleryhttp://spaceflight.nasa.gov/gallery/images/stationseti/spacegd7.html

Early in human evolution mankind competed primarily with other animals to survive. However, now after dominating other animals people compete essentially with one another for dominance. Image Credit: The motion picture, QUEST FOR FIRE, by way of Sabbatini, RME: The Evolution of Intelligence. Brain & Mind ... www.epub.org.br/cm/n12/mente/evolution/evolution03_i.html - 15k

Those that better adapt and most often survive and reproduce will pass on their different inherited genetic characteristics to their offspring. Thus, there is change or evolution, and if the advantageous adaptation is markedly different, species characteristics may be modified greatly over time. During the Upper Paleolithic 40,000 ?10,000 years ago an indisputable improvement in cooperative hunting, tool making, and gathering, with accompanying requirements for a high level of intelligence, language, and social organization continued. This attended the rise of the modern human species (5). People were then found walking upright to better use their hands and weapons; they had opposable thumbs so tools could be fashioned and fire?s lit; they organize in teams to hunt, gather food, or raise their young; and they explored the unknown with their ?mind?s eye? so they could invent something to give them an edge. ? Image Credit: Sabbatini, RME: The Evolution of Intelligence. Brain & Mind ... www.epub.org.br/cm/n12/mente/evolution/evolution03_i.html - 15k

190,000 light years away a massive star exploded thus continuing to evolve elements and releasing nuclear energy E = mc2 - Image Credit: Hubble Space Telescope Public Pictures http://oposite.stsci.edu/pubinfo/pictures.html

As has been demonstrated in Biosphere 2, hospitable new environments, to the different population genetics of Earth�s living things, is a necessity to accomplish the long time symbiotic survival of human beings. Columbia University?s Biosphere 2 - Image Credit: Columbia Universitys Biosphere 2 Center http://www.bio2.edu/

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choctaw@jps.net

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